Utpal Kaul, a Hindu, has dreamt of returning to his lakeside property and peach orchard in Kashmir ever since he fled the Muslim-dominated valley three decades ago in fear of his life.
It seemed like an impossible hope — until last week, when India’s Hindu nationalist government dramatically revoked Jammu and Kashmir’s special autonomy, paving the way for the 67-year-old to finally go home.
“I never thought I will see this day in my lifetime,” Kaul told AFP as he broke down in tears at his house in New Delhi.
“I may be physically here but my heart is in Kashmir.”
The historian was among around 200,000 Hindus who fled the Kashmir Valley after an insurgency against Indian rule erupted in 1989.
Known as Kashmiri Pandits, they re-settled in the Hindu-dominated southern part of the state, Jammu, and other parts of India. Many thought they would never be able to return.
The scrapping of Article 370 — which was in force for seven decades — means Indians across the country can now buy property in the picturesque Himalayan region. For Kashmiri Pandits like Kaul, it offers the chance to return to a place that holds a lifetime of memories.
Kaul’s five-story home was looted and burnt down in the 1990s as a violent insurgency took hold in Kashmir, with some militants explicitly targeting the Hindu minority who had resided there for centuries.
“I was born there, my family has lived there for generations… but still, I was required to prove my Kashmiri identity,” he said.
He and his family were forced to salvage whatever they could and escape, he added, showing AFP old books he has carefully kept for decades.
India’s decision represents a “new dawn” for his “beloved homeland”, he said.
“All will be equal in Kashmir now.”