Volkswagen plans to spend 44 billion euros ($50 billion) on electric cars, autonomous driving and new mobility services by 2023 and explore closer cooperation with Ford, the German company said on Friday.
The supervisory board of Europe’s largest carmaker voted on far-reaching capital spending plans to begin mass production of electric vehicles in Europe, the most radical strategy shift since VW’s diesel cheating scandal in 2015, reports Reuters.
Volkswagen will retool three of its German plants to build electric cars and to explore alliances with battery partners and rival carmakers, it said.
VW plans to increase the productivity of its factories by 30 percent by 2025 by building more vehicles from different brands on the same production line. It wants to lower the carmaker’s research and development ratio at the group’s automotive division to six percent of revenues from 2020 onward.
“Volkswagen must become more efficient, more productive and more profitable in order to finance the high expenditure in he future and stay competitive,” Chief Executive Herbert Diess said at a press conference in Wolfsburg on Friday.
Diess said he hoped to have an outline agreement on Ford cooperation fleshed out by year-end, with the initial focus on commercial vehicles. He said a merger with Ford was not on the agenda and also said there were no plans to take a stake in the American company.
Labor unions, who control half the seats on Volkswagen’s supervisory board, need to sign off on the plan to create global production capacity for 1 million electric vehicles by 2025 amid their concerns that assembling battery driven cars will require fewer workers. Around 436,000 industrial jobs in Germany are tied to building petrol and diesel engined vehicles.
Jobs are under threat because a combustion-engined car has 1,400 components in the motor, exhaust system and transmission, while an electric car’s battery and the motor has only 200 components, according to analysts at ING.
Volkswagen’s management this week outlined plans for converting car plants in Zwickau, Emden and Hannover to build electric cars, providing job guarantees to workers until 2028.
The first ID electric car is due to roll off the production line in Zwickau in 2019, as the plant ramps up to a production capacity of 330,000 electric vehicles. Zwickau currently builds the VW Golf and the Golf Estate.
Volkswagen’s MEB electric vehicle platform is also being eyed by Ford as the two companies continue exploratory talks about an alliance to develop self-driving and electric vehicles.
“Our two companies complement each other very well in terms of both products and regions. The joint development and manufacture of a range of light commercial vehicles is at the core of the envisaged cooperation,” Diess said.
VW expects significant synergy effects from this alliance, which may allow the potential for developing a next-generation Amarok pickup truck series and further sports utility vehicles, Diess said.