Against all odds, 4.9 million Syrian children continue to have access to education despite more than seven long years of war, violence and displacement.
“Massive funding from donors, unprecedented generosity from host governments and communities; relentless work from heroic teachers and the determination of Syrian children and their families have helped millions of Syrian children get an education,” said Geert Cappelaere, UNICEF Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa.
Nearly 90 percent of children who have access to education are in public schools, both in Syria and in neighboring countries. In Lebanon and Jordan, Syrian children have been able to join their local peers in public schools.
“The Syria crisis has created an opportunity for neighboring countries to improve public education infrastructure, create new employment possibilities for education staff and build tolerance between host communities and Syrian refugees,” added Cappelaere.
However, huge challenges remain. The seven-year-long conflict has caused 2.8 million children to miss out on their education. Some of these children have never been to school, while others have missed out on up to seven years of learning, making it extremely difficult for them to catch up.
In parts of Syria, going to school has at times become a matter of life and death because of violence and attacks. Since the conflict began in 2011, 309 education facilities came under attack and one in three schools can no longer be used because they were destroyed, damaged, used for military purposes or for hosting displaced families.
Nearly 40 percent of children who are out of school is between 15 and 17 years-old, making them prey to exploitation including early marriage, recruitment into the fighting and child labor. These problems are becoming more prevalent as families increasingly resort to extreme survival measures. For those children who are in school, the risk of dropping out looms as they increasingly face the impacts of trauma.
In neighboring countries, host governments are overwhelmed by nearly 2 million additional school children to absorb in local education systems amid an unstable economic situation. Refugee families’ dwindling financial resources, poor and unavailable infrastructure, lack of sufficient learning space and language barriers are reducing children’s participation in effective learning.