With the prospect looming of a Middle East peace initiative by a new U.S. administration more sympathetic to Israel, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has decided to turn the screw on the Hamas group that has kept Gaza out of his control for a decade.
Abbas’s Western-backed Palestinian Authority (PA) on Thursday told Israel it would no longer pay for the electricity Israel supplies to Gaza, a move that could lead to a complete power shutdown in the territory, whose 2 million people already endure blackouts for much of the day, reports Reuters.
Israel does not engage directly with Hamas, regarding the Islamist group as a terrorist organization.
The PA declined to say why it had taken the step, but had already put pressure on Hamas by withholding the Israeli fuel that until two weeks ago powered Gaza’s only generating plant, and slashing the salaries of the civil servants who are one of the mainstays of Gaza’s struggling economy.
Medical workers say health services are on the verge of breakdown, while shopkeepers say they are struggling.
Hamas official Ismail Rudwan reacted with fury, warning of “an explosion in the face of the Zionist occupation” and saying that anyone who had “collaborated with the occupation” would have cause for regret, whether from the PA or not.
“We will not pay a political price for this crime,” he said.
Ostensibly, the reasons for the withholding of fuel and the salary cuts were non-payment of bills, and shortage of foreign donor funds.
But regaining a measure of control over Gaza could empower Abbas politically as Israel and the Palestinians await a widely expected push by U.S. President Donald Trump for a revival of peace efforts that stalled in 2014.
Palestinian Prime Minister Rami al-Hamdallah, based in the West Bank, made no secret of the PA’s political motives on Wednesday, saying at an event in Ramallah that the lifting of the salary cut depended on Hamas moving towards reconciliation.
“I think there is a golden and historic chance to regain the unity of our people,” he said. “Hamas should relinquish control of Gaza.”
Abbas’s Fatah movement, which controls the PA, fought a brief civil war with Hamas in Gaza in 2007, which led to Hamas seizing full control of the territory a year after winning parliamentary elections there.
Several attempts at reconciliation, most recently in 2014, have failed to produce a power-sharing government for the West Bank and Gaza, and analysts say Abbas is now trying to force the issue.
Health officials say the Gaza Strip’s 13 hospitals and 54 medical centers are running short of funds and fuel for emergency generators.
They say some 620 kidney patients in need of dialysis three times a week and newborns are at particular risk from blackouts, with generators at all the medical facilities using a total of some 2,000 liters of fuel per hour.
“All health services could stop within the coming few days,” said Ashraf Al-Qidra, spokesman of the Gaza health ministry, calling on humanitarian organizations to offer more help.
The PA has also slashed the salaries of its 60,000 civil servants in Gaza – but not the West Bank – by 30 percent, offering no explanation other than a lack of foreign aid money.
The civil servants’ pay is one of the few sources of steady income that trickle through the Gaza economy, and supports tens of thousands of extended families.
Store owners complain of the weakest sales in years.